Trans-Siberian Railway or as the locals call it “Trans-Sib” is the longest network of railways in the world (more than 9000 km/5592 mi). It connects Moscow and Saint Petersburg with the largest cities of Russian Far East, crossing enormous territories.
Imagine how exciting such an epic train journey across one-third of the world can be!
Greater attention should be paid to the Ural. The Ural region is the indigenous Russian land. The Ural Mountains separate central Russia from Siberia, Europe and Asia. Its unique geographical position, landscape diversity, numerous monuments and historical landmarks make it an exclusive tourist attraction.
The most famous natural landmarks of the region are: the Uvildi Lake, The Chusovaya River, the Kungur Ice Cave – one of the biggest in the world, mineral springs in Obukhovo, Ilmenskiy and Turgoyak natural parks, the Talkov Stone Mountain.
The largest city in the Ural region and the fourth-largest in Russia is Yekaterinburg. The city retained its identity and attractiveness, together with a large number of monuments of pre-revolutionary architecture. Among the main sights of Yekaterinburg are numerous churches and cathedrals, parks, various museums, ancient mansions, palaces, country estates within the city line as well as soviet avant-garde architecture.
From Yekaterinburg your way lies in Novosibirsk. A record in the Guinness Book has once commemorated Novosibirsk as the fastest growing city in the world for reaching the population of 1,000,000 people in less than 70 years. It is also the geographical center of Russia and the St. Nicholas Chapel represents the central point of the country.
Further on, Krasnoyarsk should be mentioned. It is one of the largest cities in Siberia and Russia. The Yenisei River divides it in two sides: right-bank and left-bank. Each of the districts of Krasnoyarsk has its unique attractions, while the Communal Bridge over Yenisei is its main symbol.
Moving on to Irkutsk. Irkutsk’s trump is the clearest lake in the world – Baikal. Lake Baikal is the freshwater lake with greatest volume in the world, containing roughly 20% of the world's unfrozen surface fresh water! It’s hard to imagine, but this huge lake is the deepest and the oldest in the world and one of the clearest at the same time. When the lake is calm, you can see what’s happening in the depth of 40 meters and what kinds of fish got caught in the fishing nets! In winter, whisking off the snow, you can see large and small fish swimming under the thick ice.
The lake, freezing in winter, in summer doesn’t have enough time to warm up, so here you can swim in only one place – the Small Sea strait, it separates the Olkhon Island from the Western shore of Baikal and only in July and partly August.
The final part of the journey covers Khabarovsk and Vladivostok. Khabarovsk is one of the most beautiful cities in the Asian part of the Trans-Siberian railway, located on the right bank of the Amur River. This city is often referred to as the face of the Far East, and it's hard to disagree. If you take a look at a map of Russia, it’s easy to notice that Khabarovsk is situated almost on the border with China. The main square of the city – the Lenin’s square – is the biggest in Russia after the Red square.
Amazingly beautiful city of Vladivostok is located among the rocks and hills on the shores of the Sea of Japan. The sandy quay together with the architecture of the old town is the jewel of the city. Vladivostok has an unforgettable atmosphere and is considered the only European city in Asia. In 2010, the city was awarded the title of "City of Military Glory." One of the most famous landmarks is the museum called "Vladivostok fortress." According to the history museum played the role of a terminal point of the Siberian railway, a commercial port, a naval base and a military post.
Besides museums, the rock garden is another famous landmark of Vladivostok. Performed in the Japanese style, it was opened in honor of friendship with Japan.
Two lighthouses are another outstanding landmark. One is located in cape Tokarevskaya Koshka, the other – in Basargin’s cape. They are still functioning and determine a marine gateway to the Bosphorus.