Kaliningrad (ex Königsberg) is the paradox city, it has a very long and extensive history. The main feature of Kaliningrad Region is that after the collapse of the USSR it`s not joined with Russian motherland, it`s located separately, surrounded by Lithuania, Belarus, Poland and Baltic Sea. The Kaliningrad region's eponymous capital was the medieval seat of Prussia and an important port that was fought over for centuries. Until the Second World War, the province was almost entirely German; but after the German`s surrender in war Königsberg was joined to USSR, renamed into Kaliningrad and repopulated with Russians.
Yet for all of its chaotic history and cultural foibles – or perhaps because of them – Kaliningrad Region is a fascinating place to visit. The city of Kaliningrad teems with interesting sights and surprisingly sophisticated accommodation and dining options; seaside towns Svetlogorsk and Zelenogradsk dish up old-world charm by the spadeful; sparkling Yantarny is the world's amber capital; and the dunes, pine forests and tranquil villages of Kurshskaya Kosa National Park make for a serene sojourn.
Among the most popular sights of Kaliningrad is Kant Island & Riverside, consisting of the Kaliningrad Cathedral, the former Stock Exchange from the 1870s, the neotraditional row of shops, restaurants and hotels known as Fish Village, and the 31m-high lighthouse viewing tower, giving a bird's-eye view. The Kaliningrad Cathedral is considered to be a symbol of the city. There are more than hundred gravestones and epitaphs inside and outside of Cathedral, which dates from different periods of time and has different art level. On the 28th February of 1804 there was buried the great German philosopher Immanuel Kant. The Cathedral is one of the oldest monuments of architecture. It has the great art-architectural and historic meaning.
Kaliningrad is also famous for its Museum of the World Ocean. The Museum of the World Ocean possesses the only Embankment of the historical fleet in the country. The largest scientific-research vessel in the world, the Vitiaz; the only afloat museum-submarine in Russia, the B-413; the only vessel of space communication in the world with an exposition aboard, the Kosmonavt Viktor Patsaev; and the only logger in the country, the SRT-129, are moored at the museum quay. The coastal museum complex consists of the main building where the exposition “The World of the Ocean. A Touch…” is displayed with its amazing aquariums, collections of shells and corals, geological and paleontological samples; the biggest skeleton of cachalot in the world.
Kaliningrad is famous all over the world for its amber. The village Yantarny is the place where the amber is industrially extracted. As part of the Soviet Union, Yantarny produced approximately 600 tons of amber annually through the company Russky Yantar ("Russian Amber"). In 2008 about 500 tons amber was mined at this location. We will see an enormous open pit where 90% of amber of the aworld is extracted and a manufacture where pieces of amber are becoming a masterpiece of jewellery.
Svetlogorsk is another beautiful town of Kaliningrad Region. Prior to 1945 known by its German name Rauschen, Svetlogorsk is a coastal resort town and the administrative center of Svetlogorsky District of Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the coast of the Baltic Sea on the Sambian Peninsula. In the early 19th century, the place became fashionable among German vacationers. On June 24, 1820, it was officially recognized as a spa town. In 1945, Rauschen was conquered by the Soviet Union after World War II. It became a part of Kaliningrad Oblast and in 1946 was given its present name. Today it is a moderately popular summer resort town thanks to its beachfront and many spas, clubs, and attractions.
Curonian Spit (in Russian - Kurshksaya Kosa) is a unique sight of Kaliningrad Region. It`s a 98 km long, thin, curved sand-dune spit. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site shared by the two countries (Russia & Lithuania). The Curonian Spit is likely one of the most attractive sites for those who show concern in the nature of the Kaliningrad region, the former East Prussia. Those who ever visited this region are strongly invited to see this park that takes the promise to return again and again to see it. Unique sunsets, natural variety, Baltic Sea fresh air – all these nuances will touch everyone’s feelings!