The Russian “Golden Ring” has been one of the most popular tourist attractions for more than 30 years. It is a series of ancient cities northeast of Moscow: Vladimir, Suzdal, Kostroma, Yaroslavl, Rostov Veliky, Pereslavl-Zalessky, Sergiyev Posad, etc. All together these cities shape a round route, a specific ring, where each and every is radiant with beauty and famous for its history. These towns played a significant role in the formation of the Russian Orthodox Church, preserve the memory of the most important and significant events in Russian history and form the treasury of Russian culture. The tourist route is suitable for any season and for all ages and gives a unique opportunity to discover Russian cultural inheritance of the past centuries.
The Golden Ring journey usually starts with a visit to Vladimir. Vladimir was one of the medieval capitals of Russia, with significant buildings surviving from the 12th century. Among its main sights is the Cathedral Hill with the Dormition Cathedral and the Cathedral of Saint Demetrius. On the outskirts of the town you may find a jewel of Russian medieval architecture - Church of the Intercession on the Nerl and a former royal palace in Bogolyubovo (also a part of the GR route).
The city of Suzdal can be called an open-air museum. Just take a walk along its streets to make certain. This rather small town has an incredible number of churches (more than 40), convents and monasteries, each of which is an outstanding monument of the past, with authentic medieval ramparts and towers. Above its rural landscape rises the majestic Monastery of Saint Euthymius. Its walls are more than 1 km. (0.6 mi) long and 10 m. (33 ft.) high. In the center of Suzdal lies its oldest fortress – the Kremlin.
Several monuments of Vladimir and Suzdal have been designated as among the White Monuments of Vladimir and Suzdal, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Yaroslavl is the jewel of the Volga River, one of the oldest cities in Russia that celebrated a thousand year anniversary in 2010. The historical city center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Spaso-Preobrazhensky Monastery is the most remarkable sight of the city, which has long been its spiritual, cultural and economic center. In a walking distance from the monastery lies another symbol of Yaroslavl – the gorgeous Church of Elijah the Prophet. It is particularly well known for its interior fresco paintings, which, despite a history which has seen great fires and disasters, have been kept in good condition since their creation in the 17th century.
The old town of Rostov Veliky seems to have moved from the remote times of the tsars. Magnific Kremlin walls and towers are surrounded by a complex of ramparts, while nearby extends the mysterious Nero Lake, that has seen glorious battles and epic events.
Sergiyev Posad is also known as “Russian Vatikan” owing its name to the Trinity Lavra, which is an important historical landmark as well as a place of pilgrimage. The Trinity Monastery of St.Sergius, originated in the 13th century, gave rise to the city and still remains its main tourist attraction.
Golden Ring –