On April 12, 1961, aboard the spacecraft Vostok 1, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin becomes the first human being to travel into space. During the flight, the 27-year-old test pilot and industrial technician also became the first man to orbit the planet, a feat accomplished by his space capsule in 89 minutes. That was the triumph of the Soviet space program. Behind Gagarin’s flight there is great work of such outstanding scientists and engineers as Tsiolkovsky and Korolyov.
Coming to Moscow you have an outstanding opportunity to deep in a history of space exploration.
The main attraction is of course a Star City and Yu. A. Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center, a Russian training facility responsible for training cosmonauts for their space missions. There tourists may see with their own eyes MIR Space Station full-scale simulator, TsF-18 centrifuge, and hydro-lab. Centrifuges and centrifuge-based simulators are used for improving cosmonauts’ G-tolerance capabilities.
Hydro lab is intended for training cosmonauts in conditions of simulated weightlessness in the water. The hydro lab is equipped with a set of experimental installations (full-scale mock-ups of modules) which can be fitted on the mobile platform and lowered into the basin for training. All experimental installations are made in real size with a full simulation of volumes, internal and external contours, structural elements.
The Memorial Museum of Cosmonautics is a museum in Moscow, dedicated to space exploration. The museum primarily focuses on the Soviet space program with major themes like Gagarin, Sergey Korolyov, Sputnik and Soyuz.
After visiting above mentioned sights we will continue our trip in Kaluga, city located in 150 km from Moscow and famous for its resident Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, a rocket science pioneer.
The Tsiolkovsky State Museum of the History of Cosmonautics is the first museum in the world dedicated to the history of space exploration. The exposition of the museum consists of two parts. The first part is dedicated to the ideas and research of Tsiolkovsky, and shows a model of the rocket designed by Tsiolkovsky as well as copies of his scientific work. The second part contains mock-ups of space craft like Sputnik 1 and samples of moon dust. Just outside the museum is a rocket park, which contains amongst others a R-7 rocket.
In the outskirts of Kaluga is the wooden house in which Tsiolkovsky lived. In 1936, one year after his death, this house was turned into a memorial house museum and is now part of the museum organization.