Buryatia is a federal subject of Russia (a republic), located in Asia in Siberia. Its beneficial geographical position is on the crossroad between Russia, Mongolia and China. It is an important railway hub due to its location on the Trans-Siberian Railway and on the Baikal-Amur Railway, and it’s also the starting station of the Trans-Mongolian Railway passing through Mongolia to Beijing.
Buryatia is a place where so different religions and cultures have flourished side by side for centuries – Buddhism, Shamanism, Russian Orthodoxy and Old-Believers Christianity.
Aside from its cultural attractions, Buryatia is a nature lover's paradise. Almost 80% of the territory is covered by mountains, and more than half the shore-line of Lake Baikal falls under Buryatia's jurisdiction. Outside the capital Ulan Ude, the major tourist attractions include hot springs, Lake Baikal and Mongolian style Buddhist monasteries.
The Republic of Buryatia is one of the most promising Russian regions on tourist and recreational potential. The favorable geographical location, rich historical, cultural and natural resources contribute to the development of tourism. Buryatia is one of the most ecologically clean regions of Russia.
The republic is known for its unique and diverse flora and fauna. About 83% of the territory is covered by forests. There are several large nature reserves and national parks: Barguzin State Biosphere Reserve, Baikal State Biosphere Nature Reserve, State Nature Reserve “Dzherginsky”, National Park “Zabaykalsky”, National Park “Tunkinsky”.
Ulan-Ude is the capital city of the Republic of Buryatia in Russia located about 100 kilometers southeast of Lake Baikal on the bank of the Uda River. With its smiley Asian features, cosy city centre and fascinating Mongol-Buddhist culture, the Buryat capital is one of Eastern Siberia’s most likeable cities. Quietly busy, welcoming and refreshingly exotic, it’s a pleasant place to base yourself for day trips to Buddhist temples and flits to eastern Lake Baikal’s gently shelving beaches.
The sculptural composition “Hospitable Buryatia”, monument is depicted as a woman holding “hadak”, installed at the eastern end of the Selenga bridge, meets all who enter into the central part of the city from the west. One of the most interesting monuments of Ulan-Ude stands on the main square of the city is a giant head of Vladimir Lenin, the biggest Lenin’s head monument in the world. Another sight of the city is Odigitrievsky Cathedral of the Russian Orthodox Church, the first stone building in the city of the Siberian baroque style (1741-1785).
Datsan (the Buddhist temple) “Rinpoche Bagsha” offers a great view of the city. Here you can find the biggest in Russia statue of Gautama Buddha (6 meters). Ivolginsky datsan “Hambyn Hure”, a large Buddhist monastery complex and a monument of history and architecture, is located in the village of Verkhnaya Ivolga, 30 km from Ulan-Ude.
Buryatiya is the center of the Russian Buddhism. In Buryatia you will see how peacefully coexist religions like Buddhism, Orthodoxy, Shamanism and the Old-believing.
Welcome to Butyatia to feel a traditional Siberian hospitality!